Friday, 11 April 2014

อุตสาหกรรมรถยนต์ของไทยGreat auto business for trade in Thailand
























อุตสาหกรรมรถยนต์ของไทยGreat auto business for trade in Thailand
http://www.tradewiththailand.com/th/thailaendische-produkte-und-dienstleistungen/produkte/automobilindustrien.html
http://www.taia.or.th/home/

http://www.slideshare.net/boinyc/automotive-industry-27738633

อุตสาหกรรมรถยนต์ของไทย

Thailand’s automobile manufacturing industry accounts for more than 10% of the country’s GDP, and is the number one manufacturing industry in Thailand in terms of value.
Since Thailand entered into the industry in 1961, it has become the number one automobile manufacturing centres in Southeast Asia. Virtually every globally recognized automobile producer has set up operations here to supply the domestic and international markets. The industry is on a course to expand into wider markets outside Southeast Asia. The production of new vehicles passed already one million units mark, and Thailand leads the world in the production of pickup trucks for export.
The conditions that enable this success are a highly skilled pool of labour force, the business environment that is conducive for both local and foreign investors, the high degree of technological innovation and transfer, the investor-friendly tax structure, the opportunities created by free trade agreements Thailand has ratified, and state-of-the-art infrastructure fir automotive cluster.
Integral to this industry is the autopart industry. Both Thai-made automobile and autopart industries are of the highest quality, a result of the successful and intensive technology transfer from leading international producers. There are three tiers of autopart companies in Thailand:
-          The first tier companies, also known as original equipment manufacturers (O.E.M.), comprise the group of parts manufacturer which supply the automobile producers.
-          The second and third tier companies are after market manufacturer (A.M.F.) and replacement equipment manufacturers (R.E.M.)
In all, there are nearly 2,000 parts manufacturers in Thailand, more than 700 of which are first tier.
http://www.taia.or.th/home/
http://www.slideshare.net/ulikaiser/thailand-automotive-super-hub-2015

บริการข่าวสารวงการอุตสาหกรรมยานยนต์ประจำวันที่ 15 - 17 มกราคม 2557 จากสถาบันยานยนต์

 10/03/2014  12.30  188 
ท่านสามารถรับข่าวสารจาก ศูนย์สารสนเทศยานยนต์ ได้อีกช่องทางที่ http://www.facebook.com/pages/ศูนย์สารสนเทศยานยนต์ /246460555474598
 
บริการข่าวสารวงการอุตสาหกรรมยานยนต์ประจำวันที่ 15 - 17 มกราคม 2557 จากสถาบันยานยนต์
 
1. GM looks to expansion, export boost in Myanmar
          More dealers, better customer service here towards sales goal of 57,000 units GM plans to expand its business in Myanmar and boost exports, while domestically the automaker will add dealers and focus on customer service, both short and long term, with the goal of selling 57,000 units this year. Thailand also supplies Australia, Africa, Asean and some parts of South America. Exports run at 44,000 units per year including the Trailblazer and Colorado. However, 80 per cent are Colorados. Asean exports will increase because this will be the first full year of sales for the Spin. 
ที่มา: หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation วันที่ 15 มกราคม 2557
 
2. ยอดขายจากัวร์ แลนด์โรเวอร์
          จากัวร์ แลนด์โรเวอร์ บริษัท ผู้ผลิตรถยนต์สัญชาติอังกฤษ มียอดจำหน่ายรถยนต์ 425,006 คันในปี 2556 เพิ่มขึ้น 19% จากปี 2555 นับเป็นสถิติยอดขายใหม่ในตลาดต่างประเทศ 38 แห่ง คาดว่ายอดขายที่ค่อนข้างแข็งแกร่งมาจากในเยอรมนี เช่นเดียวกับประเทศที่เศรษฐกิจกำลังพัฒนาอย่างรวดเร็วอย่างอินเดียและจีน ขณะที่ยอดขายรถจากัวร์ในอังกฤษเพิ่มขึ้น 15% และยอดขาย แลนด์โรเวอร์เพิ่มขึ้น 13% แลนด์โรเวอร์กำลังกลายเป็นหนึ่งในบริษัทรถยอดนิยมสำหรับกลุ่มลูกค้านักขับ โดยมีส่วนแบ่งตลาดมากที่สุดอยู่ที่ 348,383 คันในปี 2556 เพิ่มขึ้น 15% อย่างไรก็ตาม ความต้องการรถหรูแบรนด์จากัวร์เพิ่มขึ้นอย่างรวดเร็วในช่วง 12 เดือนที่ผ่านมา ทำให้ยอดขายรถในต่างประเทศเพิ่มขึ้น 2 เท่าเป็น 76,668 คัน
ที่มา: หนังสือพิมพ์แนวหน้า วันที่ 15 มกราคม 2557       
 
3. ยอดเช่าซื้อรถยนต์ดิ่ง 10% รับปีใหม่
          นายอนุชาติ ดีประเสริฐ ประธานสมาคมธุรกิจเช่าซื้อไทยเปิดเผยว่า ตลาดเช่าซื้อรถยนต์ในช่วงไตรมาส 1 ปีนี้ ค่อนข้างซบเซา เพราะเป็นช่วงโลว์ซีซั่นหรือนอกฤดูกาลยอดขายรถยนต์ลดลงทำให้ธุรกิจเช่าซื้อลดลงตามไปด้วย หลังจากในช่วงปลายปีค่ายรถยนต์ได้มีการจัดแคมเปญกระตุ้นยอดขายที่ดุเดือด ประกอบกับช่วงนี้มีเหตุการณ์การชุมนุมประท้วงทางการเมืองทำให้ประชาชนไม่กล้าจับจ่ายใช้สอย เพราะไม่รู้ว่าปัญหาการเมืองจะยืดเยื้อแค่ไหน นอกจากนี้บรรดาค่ายรถยนต์ยังไม่มีรถยนต์รูปแบบหรือโมเดลใหม่ๆออกมาสู่ตลาดทำให้ตลาดไม่ค่อยคึกคักมากนัก คาดว่ายอดเช่าซื้ออาจลดลงประมาณ 10% ในช่วง 3 เดือนแรกของปีนี้
ที่มาหนังสือพิมพ์ไทยรัฐ วันที่ 15 มกราคม 2557
 
4. ค่ายรถยนต์หวั่นนโยบายรัฐสะดุดกระทบแผนพัฒนาสินค้าไร้ทิศทาง
ค่ายรถหวั่นการเมืองฉุดนโยบายภาครัฐขาดความต่อเนื่อง ไม่มั่นใจโครงสร้างภาษีใหม่-ข้อกำหนดสิ่งแวดล้อม-พลังงานทางเลือก เดินหน้าต่อหรือไม่ นางสาวสุรีทิพย์ ละอองทองโฉมทองดี รองประธานบริหาร บริษัท มาสด้า เซลส์ ประเทศไทย จำกัด กล่าวว่า สถานการณ์การเมืองในปัจจุบัน ยังไม่น่าวิตกมากนัก เนื่องจากไม่มีความรุนแรงเกิดขึ้น แนวทางของผู้ชุมนุมก็ยืนยันมาโดยตลอด อีกทั้งประชาชนส่วนใหญ่ยังคงใช้ชีวิตได้ตามปกติ บรรยากาศการซื้อสินค้าต่างๆ ยังอยู่ในเกณฑ์ที่ดี อย่างไรก็ตาม หากสถานการณ์ยืดเยื้อ และไม่สามารถที่จะจัดตั้งรัฐบาลได้ จะเห็นผลกระทบได้หลังจากผ่านพ้นครึ่งปีไปแล้ว โดยสิ่งที่กังวลมากที่สุด คือ ความต่อเนื่องในด้านนโยบายต่างๆ ของภาครัฐ ที่จะต้องชะงัก ไม่สามารถเดินหน้าต่อไปได้ ในส่วนของอุตสาหกรรมรถยนต์ มีสิ่งที่กำลังดำเนินการก็คือ การเตรียมความพร้อมสำหรับ โครงสร้างภาษีใหม่ที่จะใช้ในปี 2559 โดยนำเรื่องของมาตรฐานการปล่อยคาร์บอนไดออกไซด์ หรือพลังงานทางเลือกอย่า อี 85 มาเป็นข้อกำหนดหลักในการคิดอัตราภาษี ซึ่งขณะนี้ผู้ประกอบการหลายค่ายได้เริ่มต้นพัฒนาแล้ว และใช้ต้นทุนพอสมควร จึงวิตกว่ารัฐจะเดินหน้าต่อหรือไม่
ที่มา: หนังสือพิมพ์กรุงเทพธุรกิจ วันที่ 16 มกราคม 2557
 
5. หนุนรีดภาษีเต็นท์รถเล็ก ชี้แค่เก็บแวตก็ได้มหาศาล/แนะประสานกรมขนส่งตีกรอบ
เช่าซื้อห่วงแนวคิดจัดเก็บภาษีส่วนต่างของกรมสรรพากรซ้ำเติมการทำตลาดรถมือสอง-ผู้ซื้อ เหตุต้นทุนแพงขึ้น  หวั่นผลักภาระให้ผู้ซื้อ- ฉุดยอดขายฝืด ขณะที่วงในชี้ช่องหากสรรพากรทำได้จริงเฉพาะเก็บแวตเต็นท์รถรายได้เข้ารัฐมหาศาลหนุนเอาจริงประสานกรมการขนส่งตีกรอบ  ด้าน "วิทอินเตอร์เทรด" ประเมินรัฐต้องการจัดระเบียบผู้ค้าเต็นท์เล็กที่มีสัดส่วน 20% ของตลาด
ที่มาหนังสือพิมพ์ฐานเศรษฐกิจ วันที่ 16 มกราคม 2557
 
6. Ford will reassess UK operations if Britain leaves EU, report says
Ford Motor Co., the top-selling automaker in the UK, has become the latest carmaker to say it would be forced to reconsider its UK operations if the country voted in favor of leaving the European Union. Ford's warning follows a similar message last year from Nissan, which also has substantial operations in the UK employing thousands of people. Ford closed its British van factory in Southampton, southern England, in July and shuttered an associated stamping facility in Dagenham, east London, ending vehicle manufacturing in Britain. But the firm still employs nearly 15,000 people in Britain, who mainly build and develop engines, and supports a further 100,000 jobs through its network of suppliers and dealers.
ที่มาwww.autonews.com วันที่ 16 มกราคม 2557
 
7. PASSENGER CAR registrations: -1.7% in 2013; +13.3% in December 
With a 13.3% increase in new car registrations in December 2013, the EU recorded the largest monthly year-on-year growth since December 2009 (+16.6%). However, in absolute figures, the results were the third lowest to date for a month of December with a total of 906,294 units. From January to December, the EU market recorded a total of 11,850, 905 new cars. With a contraction of 1.7% in 2013, new car registrations have been on the decline for six consecutive years. In terms of annual volumes, 2013 is the worst year since 1995 (15 EU countries at the time), and the worst ever since ACEA began the series in 2003 with the enlarged EU. In December, most EU markets posted growth, as did all the major ones, from +1.4% in Italy, to +5.4% in Germany, +9.4% in France, +18.2% in Spain and +23.8% in the UK. 
ที่มาwww.acea.be วันที่ 17 มกราคม 2557
 
8. ผลิตรถยนต์ปี 56 พุ่ง 2.45 ล้านคัน ทุบสถิติสูงสุดในรอบ 52 ปี
สุรพงษ์ ไพสิฐพัฒนพงษ์ รองประธานและโฆษกกลุ่มอุตสาหกรรมยานยนต์ สภาอุตสาหกรรมแห่งประเทศไทย (ส.อ.ท.) ได้แถลงข่าวสรุปยอดการผลิตและส่งออกรถยนต์ รถจักรยานยนต์ และชิ้นส่วนยานยนต์ ว่ายอดการผลิตรถยนต์รวมทั้งระบบงวดเดือนม.ค.-ธ.ค. 2556 ได้มีจำนวนทั้งสิ้น 2,457,086 คัน ปรับเพิ่มขึ้นอีก 0.14% เมื่อเทียบกับงวดปี 2555 พร้อมกับถือเป็นยอดการผลิตรถยนต์สูงสุดรอบ 52 ปี นอกจากนี้ ยังส่งผลให้ประเทศไทยขยับขึ้นเป็นผู้ผลิตรถยนต์ใน 10 อันดับแรกของโลก โดยในปีที่ผ่านมามียอดผลิตของรถยนต์นั่งงวดปี 2556 จำนวนทั้งสิ้น 1,071,076 คัน คิดเป็นสัดส่วนเท่ากับ 43.59% ของยอดการผลิตทั้งหมด ปรับเพิ่มขึ้นจากปีก่อนอีก11.85% ขณะที่กลุ่มรถกระบะขนาด 1 ตัน ผลิตได้รวมทั้งสิ้น 1,332,913 คัน คิดเป็นสัดส่วนเท่ากับ54.25% ของยอดการผลิตทั้งหมด แต่ปรับตัวลดลงจากปีก่อน 8.22% ส่วนเป้าหมายการผลิตปี 2557 อยู่ระหว่างการประเมินแผนของแต่ละค่ายรถยนต์ แต่เบื้องต้นเมื่อพิจารณาจากปัจจัยต่างๆ คาดว่าเป้าหมายจะอยู่ที่ไม่เกินระดับ 2.5 ล้านคัน
ที่มาหนังสือพิมพ์ข่าวหุ้น วันที่ 17 มกราคม 2557
 
9. ค่ายรถสหรัฐเมินการเมืองจีเอ็มลุย/ฮาร์เลย์เล็งผลิต
บริษัท เจนเนอรัล มอเตอร์ส(ประเทศไทย) หรือจีเอ็ม เปิดเผยว่าประเทศไทยเป็นฐานการผลิตรถเพื่อส่งออกของจีเอ็ม และจากนโยบายการสนับสนุนอุตสาหกรรมยานยนต์ของรัฐบาลตลอดระยะเวลาที่ผ่านมา เช่น โครงการอีโคคาร์ เฟส 1 และ 2 ทำให้จีเอ็มมั่นใจว่าสถานการณ์การเมืองที่เกิดขึ้นจะไม่เป็นปัญหาต่อการลงทุนและยอดขายแต่อย่างใด อีกทั้งมองว่าปัญหาการเมืองในแต่ละประเทศที่เกิดขึ้นเป็นเรื่องปกติที่เกิดขึ้นได้แต่หากสามารถหาข้อสรุปได้เร็วก็จะยิ่งเป็นผลดี ยอดการผลิตโรงงานของจีเอ็มเกินกว่า1 แสนต่อปีแล้ว ถือว่าไทยเป็นโรงงานผลิตที่แข็งแกร่งของจีเอ็ม ส่วนตลาดรถในประเทศปีนี้คาด 1.2 ล้านคัน ลดจากปีก่อนเล็กน้อยขณะที่บริษัทตั้งเป้าปีนี้กว่า 5.6 หมื่นคันเท่ากับยอดขายปี 2556 เป็นยอดขายที่สวนทางตลาดหดตัว
ที่มาหนังสือพิมพ์โพสต์ทูเดย์ วันที่ 17 มกราคม 2557
http://www.headlightmag.com/main/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=197:-mitsubishi-qq&catid=54:special-report&Itemid=55

  • 1. Thailand’s Automotive Industry
  • 2. THAILAND: The Detroit Of Asia B Thailand’s economy has shown record impressive growth over the past decade. The combination of a sound economic foundation and renewed growth makes this vibrant Southeast Asian economy fertile ground for future automotive investments. The automotive industry is a vital sector for the country’s economy as it contributes greatly to exports and trade inflows. It is Thailand’s second-largest export industry, after computer parts and components. Thanks to continuous government-led support, automotive has evolved into an industry with vibrant foreign original equipment manufacturer (OEM) competition and an extensive network of supporting industries. Thailand’s long experience with automotive manufacturing has equipped the country with a comparatively low-cost yet experienced labor force for the sector. Assembler Foreign J/V Foreign Majority 54 % Thai Majority 23 % (1,700 companies) 175,000 workers F c t Pure Thai 23 % Tier 2, 3 Local Suppliers S f T U p LSEs Large Scale Enterprises Tier 1 (Total 690 companies) 250,000 workers T b C p T 2 I p e O Structure of Thai Automotive Industry (14 car makers, 7 motorcycle makers) 100,000 workers I t d J T SMEs Small & Medium Enterprises Source: Thai Autoparts Manufacturers Association Thailand has approximately 690 Tier 1 auto parts suppliers and 1,700 Tier 2 and 3 suppliers. More than half of the Tier 1 suppliers are foreign-majority companies. Of the top 100 auto parts manufacturers in the world, 50% have factories in Thailand. The country’s manufacturing base is strong enough to supply all of the necessary parts, from engine parts to interior and body parts. Major multinational automotive industry leaders in Thailand include Toyota Motors, Isuzu, Honda Automobile, Nissan Motors, General Motors, Mitsubishi Motors, Suzuki Motors, BMW Manufacturing, Tata Motors, Ford Motor and Mazda. J U t p 2
  • 3. um Big Industry Drivers In early 2012, many Japanese automotive enterprises announced their intentions to continue investments in Thailand. After the devastating flood in Thailand at the end of 2011, up to 80% of Japanese investors still have full confidence in investment in Thailand, based on the growth prospects of the country’s economy. Toyota continues to invest US$273 million in 2012. Most of the budget will be spent on a new plant in Chachoengsao’s Gateway City Industrial Estate and an existing plant in Samutprakarn, to produce fuel-efficient cars at an annual capacity of 100,000 units. The additional facilities are expected to start production in July 2013. Suzuki Motor has invested US$250 million to build its first factory for the production of fuel-efficient cars. Isuzu will increase its investment by US$217 million to build a new plant in the Gateway City Industrial Estate, with annual capacity estimated at 200,000 units. The plant is expected to open in October 2012. Thai Summit, one of the largest auto parts makers, has allocated US$167 million to expand its factories in Rayong and Chonburi provinces. Ford Motor has opened a US$450 million plant in Thailand, with capacity of 150,000 units per year, expanding its export capability to meet rising demand in neighboring countries. Jatco, a Japanese maker of automobile transmissions, invested US$255 million in a new plant to produce continuously variable transmission (CVT) units in Thailand. It is the first company to produce CVTs in the country. The plant is planned to open in mid2013.
  • 4. Automotive Industry Overview According to the Ministry of Commerce, Thailand’s automotive industry export value in 2011 was US$17 billion, the secondlargest export value after computer parts and components. Thailand’s exports last year benefited from a free-trade agreement (FTA) that went into effect with major economies of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). In the same period, auto parts imports totaled nearly US$6.5 billion. The major factors that attract investors to enter the Thai automotive market include the large pool of skilled labor at affordable cost and the abundant supply of rubber. The country is also moving toward production of more fuel-efficient vehicles, including hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and electrical and fuel cellpowered models, along with the introduction of special reduced excise tax rates for those vehicles. I r m I 5 Pass Cars Com Cars (exc onepick One Pick Tota Global Automotive Production, 2011 Y-OGrow 20 10 0 EY RK IC BL PU RE C ZE C H TU U K D N N IR A TH AI LA IA A RU SS N E AD C C AN N FR A SP AI O IL IC EX M A BR AZ A RE IN DI M SO U TH KO AN Y SA PA N G ER JA U C H IN A 5 Source: International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Units Produced (millions) 15
  • 5. e . e f e i t y , d In 2011, 1.46 million vehicles were manufactured in Thailand, ra n k i n g T h a i l a n d 1 4 t h a m o n g t h e wo r l d ’s a u to m o t i ve manufacturing countries. According to the Thai Automotive Institute, production is predicted to reach 2.2 million units in 2012, 50% produced for domestic sale and 50% for export. Thailand’s Motor Vehicle Production by Unit, 2005-2011 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Change 20052011 Passenger Cars 277,603 298,819 329,223 399,435 313,442 554,267 537,987 94% Commercial Cars (excluding one-ton pickups) 24,846 22,592 23,556 17,791 15,202 24,278 20,608 -17% One-ton Pickups 822,867 872,474 948,370 974,502 670,734 1,066,759 899,200 9% 1,125,316 1,193,885 1,301,149 1,391,728 999,378 1,645,304 1,457,795 30% 6% 9% 7% -28% 65% -11% Total Y-O-Y Growth (%) Source: Thai Automotive Institute
  • 6. Units Thailand’s Automotive Industry Growth, 2005-2011 1,800,000 1,600,000 1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 2005 2006 Exports 2007 2008 Domestic Sales 2009 2010 2011 Production Source: Thai Automotive Institute The top 10 destinations of Thai automotive exports accounted for 63% of exports worldwide. Australia and Indonesia are the major destinations of Thai-manufactured automotive products. Top 10 Vehicle Export Destinations in 2011 Country Value (US$) % Australia 2,264,385,667 21.5% Indonesia 1,251,496,333 11.9% Malaysia 572,750,667 5.4% Saudi Arabia 558,118,667 5.3% Philippines 527,428,000 5.0% Japan 458,259,000 4.3% Russia 378,630,667 3.6% Oman 224,666,000 2.1% Chile 217,057,667 2.1% UK 193,111,667 1.8% 6,645,904,333 63% Total top 10 countries Source: Thai Automotive Institute Thailand is expected to produce 2 million cars in 2012 and is expected to achieve 3 million units by 2015 – placing it among the world’s top 10 auto producing countries. The economic opening of Myanmar could propel Thailand’s ascension into the world’s top 10 auto producing countries even faster by increasing regional demand as it looks to upgrade its older cars. -Dr. Patima Jeerapaet, President of Thailand Automotive Institute-
  • 7. r Thailand’s Auto Parts Industry Demand for Thailand-made automotive parts is growing. There are approximately 1,800 automotive suppliers already in the country, of which 709 are OEMs. All of the major Japanese automakers have opened manufacturing sites in Thailand. Many of their parts manufacturers, such as France’s Valeo, Germany’s Bosch, US-based TRW, Britain’s GKN and Japan’s Denso, Mitsuba and Mitsubishi, have followed suit to serve their customers. According to the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, the quality of automotive parts in Thailand is the highest among ASEAN countries. Local manufacturers supply 80-90% of the parts used in pickup truck assembly, and as much as 70% of those for passenger cars. Moreover, the country produces nearly 100% of the parts used in the assembly of motorcycles. Thailand’s Auto Parts Exports, 2011 9% 1% 15% OEM Parts Engine Spare Parts Other 75% Source: Thai Automotive Institute
  • 8. The majority of Thailand’s automotive parts exports are OEM parts (US$4,757 million), comprising 75% of all exports. This is followed by engines (US$889 million) at 15% and spare parts (US$551 million) at 9%. 53 of the Top 100 Global OEM Parts Suppliers in Thailand O T i O a e s s n a M T Robert Bosch Denso Continental Aisin Seiki Magna International Faurecia Johnson Controls ZF Friedrichshafen TRW Automotive Delphi Automotive Yazaki Lear Sumitomo Electric BASF Toyota Boshoku CalsonicKansei JTEKT Hitachi Automotive Valeo Visteon Autoliv Mahle Dana Toyoda Gosei DuPont BorgWarner Schaeffler NTN NSK Mitsubishi Electric Tenneco NHK Spring Koito Manufacturing TS Tech Takata Federal-Mogul Bridgestone/ Firestone Michelin IAC Tokai Rika P m B m y N GKN Driveline Goodyear Showa TI Automotive Mitsuba TE Connectivity Draexlmaier Asahi Glass American Axle Stanley Electric Akebono Brake Philips Electronics PPG Industries Source: Automotive News as of June 13, 2011 Automotive Electronics Electronics have ascended to an important position within the automotive industry. The growth of electronics continues across automobile systems with the increasing focus on performance, safety, comfort, efficiency and alternative-fuel vehicles. The global demand for automotive electronic systems is estimated at US$187.1 billion in 2012. The market forecast is US$287.6 billion in 2018. Innovation in electronic systems is driving today’s automotive parts industry. The emerging Asian market will play a central role in this growth, both as a producer and a consumer. In addition to being the site of much automotive production, Asia is one of the regions with the strongest demand for automotive electronics. Most of the automotive electronics used in cars produced in Thailand are imported from Malaysia and Japan. The market value of automotive electronics in Thailand was approximately US$6.3 billion in 2011. Given the market size, the current limited number of automotive electronics producers in Thailand presents an excellent investment opportunity. Local suppliers could capitalize on the sizeable local demand. Such opportunities and the considerable investment in R&D make Thailand an attractive place for investors. H T t i t L 2 c E E o a D r b i T c s p t c m M S M a w m
  • 9. s d 1 e e t n s s n t d e Opportunities There are many other reasons why the Thai automotive industry is an attractive base for investors in automotive parts production. Of the more than 3,000 parts and components in a typical vehicle, a sizeable portion is still sought from overseas. Opportunities exist for foreign suppliers to manufacture electronic fuel injection systems, substrates for catalytic converters, CVTs, electronic stability controls and regenerative braking systems, among numerous other products. More R&D, design and testing centers are also needed, even though major players Yamaha, Bridgestone, Maxxis and Michelin are already operating such facilities in Thailand. Hi-Tech Vehicle Parts and Components P ro j e c t s i n h i g h - t e c h ve h i c le p a r t s a n d co m p o n e n t s manufacturing are considered priority activities by the Thailand Board of Investment (BOI), which means they are exempt from machinery import duties and from corporate income tax for eight years, regardless of location. NGV Vehicles The Ministry of Energy supports fuel-efficient transportation through a natural gas vehicle (NGV) initiative. This initiative includes the introduction of over 10,000 natural gas-powered taxicabs, natural gas subsidization through PTT Public Company Ltd., a reduced import duty on NGV tanks from 17% to 10% in 2012, and a reduced import duty on NGV control system parts and components from 35% to 10%. Eco-Car Parts Eco-car parts continue to receive incentives to promote the growth of the eco-car market locally and abroad. The incentives will be applied exclusively to materials that cannot be produced locally. Duty reduction will be granted up to 90% for two years with annual review. The measure is intended to help eco-car manufacturers by lowering their production costs and reducing their burden in sourcing parts that are not available locally or produced in Thailand. This measure also encourages more investment in ecocar parts production, providing the country with economies of scale and a greater competitive advantage in the global eco-car production business. Currently, there are five BOI-promoted companies for eco-car manufacturing: Nissan March, Honda Brio, Suzuki Swift and Mitsubishi Mirage, and Toyota which will launch its model in 2013.
  • 10. Passenger Cars Although Thailand has a strong focus on pickup trucks, passenger cars receive similar favorable treatment in manufacturing promotion. The requirement for the promotion of passenger car manufacturing includes a minimum capacity for the approved models of 100,000 units per year within five years and a minimum investment, exclusive of land cost and working capital, of US$500 million (THB 15 billion). Projects that meet these criteria are eligible for a five-year corporate income tax holiday and exemption from import duties on machinery, regardless of location. E85 The Ministry of Finance is offering three-year exemption on import duties of foreign auto parts used to make vehicles E85-ready. The ministry has also reduced the excise tax on cars using E85 to 22%, 27% and 32%, depending on engine size. Big-Bike, 4-Stroke Engine Motorcycles (Over 500cc) Under the new scheme, a minimum annual capacity will not be required, whereas previously it was set at 50,000 units/ year. In addition, there are no restrictions on foreign ownership, compared to a minimum of 60% Thai ownership previously required. Regardless of the plant location, big-bike motorcycle manufacturing activities will be eligible for exemption from import duties on machinery. For projects that include engine manufacturing starting from machining key parts, such as cylinder heads and crankcases, the corporate income tax holiday may be extended for three to eight years, except for those located outside an industrial estate in BOI Zone 1.
  • 11. Vehicle Tires Companies manufacturing vehicle tires are exempt from machinery import duties and corporate income tax for eight years, regardless of zone. Automotive Excise Taxes Passenger Car <2,000cc <220HP 30% 2,000-2,500cc <220HP 35% 2,500-3,000cc <220HP 40% >3,000cc or >220HP 50% E20 <2,000cc <220HP 25% 2,000-2,500cc <220HP 30% 2,500-3,000cc <220HP 35% >3,000cc or >220HP 50% Electronic Powered 10% Fuel Cell Powered 10% Eco-Car, Gasoline 17% if ≤ 1,300cc for Gasoline Engines or ≤ 1,400cc for Diesel Engines Natural Gas 20% Hybrid Vehicle <3,000cc 10% >3,000cc 50% Single Car Pickup <3,250cc 3% >3,250cc 50% Passenger Pickup <3,250cc 20% >3,250cc 50% Double Cap Pickup <3,250cc 12% >3,250cc 50% Source: Excise Department, Ministry of Finance We have trained them to produce the cars and now the locally made cars are being exported around the world. The fact that customers in so many countries are continually buying these cars shows that Thai work quality is excellent. Toyota understands that the potential of the Thai people is very high. In the future looking beyond production to R&D, there may be the chance that our Thai employees will design the cars as well as produce them. -Mr. Kyoichi Tanada, President of Toyota Motor Thailand and President of the Japanese Chamber of Commerce in Bangkok-
  • 12. Why Thailand Thailand has been dubbed the “Detroit of Asia” because of the consistent government policies that promote automobile assembly and automotive manufacturing capacity. Nearly every Japanese carmaker has manufacturing facilities in Thailand, as do major U.S. automotive firms such as Ford Motors and General Motors, and the German companies Daimler (maker of the Mercedes-Benz) and Bayerische Motoren Werke (better known as BMW). Promising Investment Site As the country’s economic performance has been strong, many of the world’s leading automotive manufacturers have production facilities based in Thailand. The growth prospects of domestic demand for locally manufactured auto parts are high. The country’s strategic location as a gateway to Asia makes for easy access to regional markets. All of these factors contribute to the evident opportunities for foreign investors to enter the market. In addition to the policies on tax reduction, there are non-tax incentives that the Thai government offers to manufacturers of vehicles and vehicle parts, and for automotive R&D and testing. These include land ownership rights for foreign investors, permission to bring in foreign experts and technicians, and work permit and visa facilitation for foreign expat employees. The government also does not impose export requirements, local content requirements, location requirements or foreign equity restrictions on manufacturers. Competitive Skilled-Labor Supply Apart from 100,000 workers in the brand automotive factories, Thailand has a robust 1,700 factories and more than 420,000 skilled workers in the automotive supporting industry. Thai laborers have the advantage of high skill levels and quality compared with most countries in the region. Auto Parts Clusters To foster greater productivity and efficiency in the industry, the government has encouraged the development of auto parts clusters. Proximity between firms and their input suppliers allows for not only enhanced communication but also improved flow of goods and lower costs.
  • 13. y n n c e e k y 0 i y s Excellent Infrastructure There are many industrial estates that focus on the automotive industry, thus providing state-of-the-art facilities for auto parts manufacturers. Thailand’s extensive road network, welldeveloped seaports including Laem Chabang Deep Sea Port — one of the leading deep-sea ports in the world — and Bangkok’s Suvarnabhumi airport make automotive parts exports remarkably efficient, saving cost and time for all market players. Thailand’s Trade Liberalization Thailand has been a WTO member since January 1995, and has made steady progress in recent years toward trade liberalization, as well as restructuring its public sector and strengthening its financial system. The country’s many FTAs include terms advantageous to local auto parts producers. In particular, the agreement with ASEAN opens doors to a market of 680 million people across the association’s member countries. Tariffs on auto parts exported to ASEAN nations have been eliminated entirely since 2010. Benefits brought about by the prime market network of Thailand will be further heightened with the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015. The AEC will serve as a massive single market that is fully integrated into the global economy with equitable economic development. The economic bloc will open new doors to manufacturers by transforming ASEAN into a region with the free movement of goods, capital, services, investment and workforce. Excellent Government Support The Thai government’s vision is for Thailand to be the automotive production hub of Asia, and has thus emphasized a clear, consistent and continuous international car policy for multinational investors as the central theme on automotive development. It is also the BOI’s policy to promote liberalization and transparency, providing equal treatment to all market players. The government has created the most attractive business environment in the region for the automotive industry, and has prepared essential resources for every type of automotive business, including development of basic infrastructure, a quality labor force, and strong upstream and supporting industries.
  • 14. Attractive Investment Incentives The BOI offers a range of fiscal and non-tax incentives for investments based on location. Tax incentives include exemption or reduction of import duties on machinery and raw materials, and corporate income tax exemptions and reductions. Non-tax incentives include permission to bring in foreign workers, own land and take or remit foreign currency abroad. Additionally, foreign businesses are entitled to 100% foreign ownership. As indicated in the section above on opportunities, the BOI has created several packages that target different aspects of automobile manufacturing. In addition, the BOI has classified 11 categories of vehicle parts (including tires), as well as LNG or CNG containers, engines, parts and equipment for NGVs, and machines or equipment for NGV service stations, as priority activities. As such, projects in these activities are granted exemption of import duties on machinery for all zones, eight-year corporate income tax exemption for all zones (subject to the corporate income tax exemption cap), and all relevant location-based incentives. Of these 11 categories, six automotive activities (automatic transmissions, CVTs, traction motors for automobiles such as hybrid cars and fuel cells, electronic stability controls or ESCs, regenerative braking systems, and rubber tires for vehicles) are eligible for the BOI’s special incentives promoting sustainable development, if the investor submits an application by December 2012 . The incentives for these activities include a five-year 50% reduction of corporate income tax on net profit following the expiration of the corporate income tax holiday, a 10-year double deduction of transportation, electricity and water supply costs, deduction from net profit of 25% of investment in infrastructure installation and construction costs, in addition to normal capital depreciation. Projects can be located anywhere except Bangkok. For further information: Thailand Board of Investment: www.boi.go.th Thailand Automotive Institute: www.thaiauto.or.th Thai Automotive Industry Association: www.taia.or.th Thai Autoparts Manufacturers Association: www.thaiautoparts.or.th ASEAN Supporting Industry Database: www.asidnet.org
  • 15. n , x n , I f 1 G s s t e x c s , e e r e e , e l h Head Offices OFFICE OF THE BOARD OF INVESTMENT 555 Vibhavadi-Rangsit Rd., Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900 Tel: +66 (0) 2553-8111 Fax: +66 (0) 2553-8222 Website: www.boi.go.th Email: head@boi.go.th ONE START ONE STOP INVESTMENT CENTER (OSOS) 18th Floor, Chamchuri Square Building, 319 Phayathai Rd., Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330 Tel: +66 (0) 2209-1100 Fax: +66 (0) 2209-1199 Website: osos.boi.go.th Email: osos@boi.go.th Contact Us ONE STOP SERVICE CENTER FOR VISAS AND WORK PERMITS 18th Floor, Chamchuri Square Building, 319 Phayathai Rd., Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330 Tel: +66 (0) 2209-1100 Fax: +66 (0) 2209-1194 Email: visawork@boi.go.th INVESTOR CLUB ASSOCIATION (ICA) 12th and 16th Floor, TP&T Building, 1 Soi Vibhavadi-Rangsit 19, Vibhavadi-Rangsit Rd., Lad Yao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900 Tel: +66 (0) 2936-1429 Fax: +66 (0) 2936-1441-2 Website: www.ic.or.th Email: is-investor@ic.or.th Regional Offices CHIANG MAI Regional Investment and Economic Center 1 Airport Business Park 108-110, 90 Mahidol Rd., Muang, Chiang Mai 50100 Tel: +66 (0) 5320-3397-400 Fax: +66 (0) 5320-3404 Email: chmai@boi.go.th SONGKHLA Regional Investment and Economic Center 5 7-15 Chaiyong Building, Juti Uthit 1 Rd., Hadd Yai, Songkhla 90110 Tel: +66 (0) 7434-7161-5 Fax: +66 (0) 7434-7160 Email: songkhla@boi.go.th NAKHON RATCHASIMA Regional Investment and Economic Center 2 2112/22 Mitraphap Rd., Muang, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 Tel: +66 (0) 4421-3184-6 Fax: +66 (0) 4421-3182 Email: korat@boi.go.th SURAT THANI Regional Investment and Economic Center 6 49/21-22 Sriwichai Rd., Makhamtia, Muang, Surat Thani 84000 Tel: +66 (0) 7728-4637, +66 (0) 7728-4435 Fax: +66 (0) 7728-4638 Email: surat@boi.go.th KHONKAEN Regional Investment and Economic Center 3 177/54 Moo 17, Mitraphap Rd., Muang, Khonkaen 40000 Tel: +66 (0) 4327-1300-2 Fax: +66 (0) 4327-1303 Email: khonkaen@boi.go.th PHITSANULOK Regional Investment and Economic Center 7 3rd Floor, Thai Sivarat Building, 59/15 Boromtrilokkanat 2 Rd., Naimuang, Muang, Phitsanulok 65000 Tel: +66 (0) 5524-8111 Fax: +66 (0) 5524-8777 Email: phitsanulok@boi.go.th CHONBURI Regional Investment and Economic Center 4 46 Moo 5, Laem Chabang Industrial Estate, Sukhumvit Rd., Toongsukhla, Sriracha, Chonburi 20230 Tel: +66 (0) 3840-4900 Fax: +66 (0) 3840-4997 , +66 (0) 3840-4999 Email: chonburi@boi.go.th Overseas Offices BEIJING Thailand Board of Investment, Beijing Office Royal Thai Embassy, No.40 Guang Hua Rd., Beijing 100600 P.R.C. Tel: +86-10-6532-4510 Fax: +86-10-6532-1620 Email: beijing@boi.go.th FRANKFURT Thailand Board of Investment, Frankfurt Office Royal Thai Embassy, Bethmannstr. 58, 5.OG 60311 Frankfurt am Main Federal Republic of Germany Tel: +49 (0) 69-9291-230 Fax: +49 (0) 69-9291-2320 Email: fra@boi.go.th GUANGZHOU Thailand Board of Investment, Guangzhou Office Investment Promotion Section, Royal Thai Consulate-General, Room 1216-1218, Garden Tower, 368 Huanshi Dong Rd., Guangzhou 510064 P.R.C Tel: +86-20-8333-8999 ext. 1216-8, +86-20-8387-7770 Fax: +86-20-8387-2700 Email: guangzhou@boi.go.th LOS ANGELES Thailand Board of Investment, Los Angeles Office Royal Thai Consulate-General, 611 North Larchmont Boulevard, 3rd Floor, Los Angeles CA 90004, U.S.A. Tel: +1-(0) 323-960-1199 Fax: +1-(0) 323-960-1190 Email: boila@boi.go.th SEOUL Thailand Board of Investment, Seoul Office #1804, 18th Floor, Coryo Daeyungak Tower, 25-5, Chungmuro 1-ga, Jung-gu, Seoul, 100-706, Korea Tel: +82-2-319-9998 Fax: +82-2-319-9997 Email: seoul@boi.go.th SHANGHAI Thailand Board of Investment, Shanghai Office Royal Thai Consulate-General, 15th Floor, Crystal Century Tower, 567 Weihai Rd., Shanghai 200041, P.R.C Tel: +86-21-6288-9728-9 Fax: +86-21-6288-9730 Email: shanghai@boi.go.th STOCKHOLM Thailand Board of Investment, Stockholm Office Stureplan 4C 4th Floor, 114 35 Stockholm, Sweden Tel: +46 (0) 8463 1158, +46 (0) 8463 1174-75 Fax: +46 (0) 8463 1160 Email: stockholm@boi.go.th SYDNEY Thailand Board of Investment, Sydney Office Suite 101, Level 1, 234 George Street, Sydney, New South Wales 2000, Australia Tel: +61-2-9252-4884 Fax: +61-2-9252-2883 Email: sydney@boi.go.th NEW YORK Thailand Board of Investment, New York Office 61 Broadway Avenue, Suite 2810, New York, N.Y. 10006, U.S.A. Tel: +1-(0) 212-422-9009 Fax: +1-(0) 212-422-9119 Email: nyc@boi.go.th TAIPEI Thailand Board of Investment, Taipei Office Taipei World Trade Center, 3rd Floor, Room 3E 39-40 No.5 Xin-Yi Rd., Sec. 5 Taipei 110, Taiwan R.O.C. Tel: +886-2-2345-6663 Fax: +886-2-2345-9223 Email: taipei@boi.go.th OSAKA Thailand Board of Investment, Osaka Office Royal Thai Consulate-General, Bangkok Bank Building, 5th Floor, 1-9-16 Kyutaro-Machi, Chuo-Ku, Osaka 541-0056 Japan Tel: +81 (0) 6-6271-1395 Fax: +81 (0) 6-6271-1394 Email: osaka@boi.go.th TOKYO Thailand Board of Investment, Tokyo Office Royal Thai Embassy, 8th Fl., Fukuda Building West, 2-11-3, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107-0052 Japan Tel: +81 (0) 3-3582-1806 Fax: +81 (0) 3-3589-5176 Email: tyo@boi.go.th PARIS Thailand Board of Investment, Paris Office Ambassade Royale de Thailande, 8, Rue Greuze, 75116 Paris, France Tel: +33 (0) 1-5690-2600-1 Fax: +33 (0) 1-5690-2602 Email: par@boi.go.th
  • 16. www.boi.go.th 555 Vibhavadi-Rangsit Rd., Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand Tel: +66 2553 8111 Fax: +66 2553 8222 E-mail: head@boi.go.th BOI 2012